String class in Java with interview quotations and Answers

The String class in Java is a fundamental class that represents a sequence of characters. It is widely used in Java programming for manipulating and working with textual data. Here are some key points and features of the String class:

  1. Immutability: Strings in Java are immutable, which means that once a String object is created, its value cannot be changed. Any operation that appears to modify a String actually creates a new String object.
  2. String Literal: Strings can be created using string literals enclosed in double quotes. For example, "Hello, World!" is a string literal that creates a String object containing the text “Hello, World!”.
  3. String Concatenation: Strings can be concatenated using the + operator. For example, "Hello" + " " + "World" results in the string “Hello World”. When concatenating strings, a new String object is created that contains the concatenated result.
  4. Length: The length of a String can be obtained using the length() method. For example, "Hello".length() returns the value 5.
  5. Accessing Characters: Individual characters in a String can be accessed using the charAt() method. For example, "Hello".charAt(0) returns the character ‘H’.
  6. Substring: Substrings can be extracted from a String using the substring() method. It returns a new String that represents a portion of the original string. For example, "Hello World".substring(0, 5) returns the string “Hello”.
  7. String Comparison: Strings can be compared using the equals() method to check if two strings have the same sequence of characters. For example, "Hello".equals("World") returns false.
  8. String Manipulation: The String class provides many useful methods for manipulating and transforming strings, such as toUpperCase(), toLowerCase(), replace(), trim(), split(), and more.
  9. String Formatting: The String class supports string formatting using the format() method, which allows you to create formatted strings using placeholders and arguments.
  10. String Pool: Java maintains a special memory area called the “String pool” to store unique string literals. String literals that are the same are automatically reused, which can improve memory efficiency.

It’s important to note that because strings are immutable, performing repeated modifications on a string using concatenation (+) can result in performance and memory overhead. In such cases, it is recommended to use the StringBuilder or StringBuffer classes, which provide mutable string operations.

Here are a few commonly asked interview questions related to the String class in Java along with their answers:

  1. What is the difference between String, StringBuilder, and StringBuffer classes in Java?
  • String is immutable, meaning its value cannot be changed once it is created. StringBuilder and StringBuffer are mutable and can be modified.
  • StringBuilder is not thread-safe, while StringBuffer is thread-safe.
  • StringBuilder is more efficient in terms of performance as it is not synchronized like StringBuffer.

2.How can you concatenate multiple strings efficiently?

concatenate multiple strings efficiently, it is recommended to use the StringBuilder class. You can append the strings using the append() method in a loop or chain multiple append() calls together

Example :

3. How can you check if two strings are equal in Java?

In Java, you can use the equals() method to check if two strings have the same sequence of characters. The equals() method compares the content of the strings.


4. Explain the difference between == and equals() when comparing strings.

  • The == operator checks for reference equality, i.e., whether two string objects refer to the same memory location.
  • The equals() method checks for value equality, i.e., whether two strings have the same sequence of characters.


Remember to understand the concepts thoroughly and practice writing code related to the String class to strengthen your understanding.

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