Here is a step-by-step tutorial to help you get started with Git:
Step 1: Install Git: Download and install Git on your computer. You can find the installation package for your operating system on the official Git website (https://git-scm.com/).
Step 2: Configure Git: Open a terminal or command prompt and configure your Git username and email by running the following commands:
Replace “Your Name” with your actual name and “[email protected]” with your email address.
Step 3: Create a New Repository: Navigate to the directory where you want to create a new Git repository. In the terminal, run the following command:
This initializes a new Git repository in the current directory.
Step 4: Add Files to the Repository: Place the files you want to track in the Git repository within the project directory. Then, use the following command to add the files to the staging area:
This command adds all the files in the current directory to the staging area. You can also specify individual files instead of using the “.” to add specific files.
Step 5: Commit Changes: Committing captures a snapshot of the changes made to the files in the repository. Run the following command to commit the changes:
Replace “Commit message” with a brief description of the changes made in this commit.
Step 6: Create a Remote Repository (Optional): If you want to store your Git repository remotely, you can create an account on a Git hosting service like GitHub, GitLab, or Bitbucket. Follow the instructions provided by the service to create a new repository.
Step 7: Connect the Remote Repository (Optional): If you created a remote repository, connect it to your local repository by running the following command:
Replace “remote_repository_url” with the URL of your remote repository.
Step 8: Push Changes to the Remote Repository (Optional): To upload your local repository to the remote repository, use the following command:
This command pushes the changes from the “master” branch of your local repository to the “master” branch of the remote repository. You may need to enter your credentials if prompted.
Step 9: Pull Changes from the Remote Repository (Optional): If others have made changes to the remote repository, you can pull those changes to your local repository using the following command:
This command fetches the changes from the “master” branch of the remote repository and merges them into your local repository.
Step 10: Explore Git Commands and Workflow: These steps cover the basics of Git, but there are many more commands and concepts to explore, such as branching, merging, and resolving conflicts. Refer to Git documentation, tutorials, or online resources to deepen your understanding and expand your Git skills.